Bruxism is a popular disease but many people ignore it as they do not know and understand causes and health consequences of this disease. In all cases, you should apply proper treatments to prevent all potential health problems caused by bruxism.
Causes of sleep – bruxism
Bruxism is the medical term for grinding the teeth and clenching the jaw. Because grinding often occurs during sleep, most people are unaware that they grind their teeth. However, a dull, constant headache or sore jaw when you wake up is a telltale symptom of bruxism.
Although teeth grinding can be caused by stress and anxiety, it often occurs during sleep and is more likely caused by an abnormal bite or missing or crooked teeth.
Teeth grinding can also be caused by taking antipsychotic and antidepressant medication, particularly a type of antidepressant known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs).
Your lifestyle can also have an effect. For example, regularly drinking alcohol, smoking and using recreational drugs such as ecstasy and cocaine increases your risk of bruxism.
Consequences of bruxism
If you suffer from bruxism you are putting your teeth and gums under massive amounts of pressure. During sleep there is no feedback mechanism to tell your brain that your teeth are hurting because of too much pressure, hence we can put up to 40 times the amount of pressure on our teeth whilst we sleep.
Over the years, the accumulated toll of bruxing can produce a wide range of damage that includes:
- Front teeth worn down so they are flat and even in length.
- Micro-cracks and broken fillings, eventually leading to nerve damage.
- Teeth ground down to the dentin, causing sensitivity to heat and cold.
- Gum recession, due to pressure on the gum line.
- Loose teeth, caused by the rocking effect of bruxing, and gum pockets, also produced by the back-and-forth rocking effect.
- Headaches and aching jaws due to overuse of muscles.
One such practical remedy is the use of a bite plate that has been custom-fitted by your dentist. Wearable day or night, it acts as a bumper guard, absorbing the force of the clenching or grinding. Besides, patients should practice yoga to reduce stress and stop consuming drugs, alcohol…
-Add more calcium and fluoride to strengthen teeth.
-Prepare well for your sleep such as taking bath with warm water and eat types of foods that are good for the sleep.
They are some effective ways to cure bruxism. In all cases, patients should maintain healthy mental health, which plays an important role in the long-term treatment of the disease.